World's People Eagerly Seek Chairman Mao Badges
China Reconstructs, May 1968
Proudly we wear the badges of Chairman Mao,
The ever-red sun rises in our hearts;
With Chairman Mao's call engraved within us,
We become pathbreakers in revoluton and production.
On the streets of China's cities and towns, in the trolleys and
buses, at meetings and public places, in roads and villages of the
countryside, wherever the revolutionary people see each other
wearing Chairman Mao badges they greet each other with an especially
warm smile. Their boundless love for our respected and beloved
Chairman Mao draws them together.
Abroad too, in countries around the world, revolutionary people
often crowd around a Chinese wearing a badge of Chairman Mao to ask
him for one. And when they get it, they shout with joy, "Long
live Chairman Mao Tse-tung!"
This eager demand for the shining Chairman Mao badges is an
expression of the increasing depth with which Mao Tse-tung's thought
has taken root in the hearts of the world's people as the great
proletarian cultural revolution in China continues its victorious
march. A Malian friend put it this way: "Chairman Mao says that
'The salvoes of the October Revolution brought us Marxism-Leninism'.
Today, it is China's great proletarian cultural revolution which has
brought to the whole world the Marxism-Leninism of our era, the
invincible thinking of Mao Tse-tung the revolutionary fighters'
This is why, with great warmth, the revolutionary people not only of
China but throughout the world call Chairman Mao the red sun in
their hearts. And their sources of inspiration and strength are the
writings of Chairman Mao, his photos, and the Chairman Mao badge.
Making the Badges
Chairman Mao badges arose with the cultural revolution, an explosion
of the revolutionary masses' deep love for Chairman Mao. The Peking
Red Flag Badge Factory began to make them. Then from every corner of
China letters began to arrive by the hundreds at the factory every
day. In simple, sincere, beautiful language, people across the
nation, their hearts filled with love for our great leader Chairman
Mao, poured out their faith in Mao Tse-tung's thought. Varied in a
thousand ways, these letters made one demand "Make more
Chairman Mao badges!"
A medical worker in Kiangsu, about to leave for the countryside in
response to Chairman Mao's call to go among the broad masses of
workers and peasants, wrote the factory workers: "In the days
and nights to come, we cannot depart from Mao Tse-tung's thought
even for a second. We especially long for a shining badge of
Chairman Mao so that in the hard struggle ahead of us we can draw
strength and courage from it. "
The factory workers had personally experienced the people's demand
for badges. For example, peasants in out-of-the-way villages had
sent delegates to the cities, crossing mountains and rivers with
sacks of food on their backs, to get badges of Chairman Mao. When
the coveted badges at last lay in the peasants' hands for the first
time, their eyes shone with tears.
To deeply moving letters and scenes such as these, the revolutionary
workers and staff members of the badge factory responded with a
solemn pledge: "More and better badges of Chairman
Their factory used to make souvenir pins of scenic spots and
ornaments with feudal and superstitious themes. The revolutionaries
had suggested many times that they produce Chairman Mao badges, but
the idea had always been suppressed by the handful of Party
capitalist-roader leaders in the factory.
Then the cultural revolution opened the floodgates, the factory
revolutionaries rebelled and began turning out Chairman Mao badges.
Their first month's production of 30,000 were snatched up by the
eager masses. In 1967, when the "January Revolution" in
Shanghai swept out across the whole nation, the factory's
revolutionaries fought together and seized the power back from the
handful of capitalist-roaders. Monthly production of Chairman Mao
badges rose to 6,000,000, with variety increasing from two kinds to
twenty. Today, besides Peking, Shanghai and Canton where the
greatest quantity and varieties are produced, factories in the
provinces are also making the badges, Still, the supply never meets
A Well-honoured Badge
Of all the many kinds of Chairman Mao badges, there is one
especially loved. It is a five-pointed star in gold, with Chairman
Mao's portrait in gold on red, accompanied by a red and gold bar
worn below it carrying Chairman Mao's words "Serve the
People" (see badge above). Put out by a decision of the Central
Military Commission, it has been worn since May 1967 by commanders
and fighters of the army, navy and air force, who cherish it as a
tremendous encouragement and honour.
When the badges were distributed to the heroic Company No. One of a
certain unit .1 its commanders and fighters recalled their glorious
past in which they had followed Chairman Mao across the country in
many crucial battles. The company was born in 1928 in the Chingkang
Mountains and, under the leadership of Chairman Mao, had helped
smash one Kuomintang encirclement and suppression campaign after
another, During the Long March (1934-35) it fought in the capture of
Tsunyi in Kweichow province and defended the town during the famous
Tsunyi Meeting which established Chairman Mao's leadership in the
Party. During the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression
(1937-45) it fought in the world-famous battle of Pinghsingkuan.
During the War of Liberation (1945-49) it took part in the
Peiping-Tientsin campaign and the march into Peiping (Peking).
Now, with the honoured badge in their hands, these fighters who had
long fought beside Chairman Mao and defended him, exclaimed,
"We owe all our achievements to the warm concern and teachings
of Chairman Mao, to the nourishment of his thinking. Mao Tse-tung's
thought lights our way forward." Wearing Chairman Mao's badge
and quotation proudly on their uniforms, they swore that they would
study Chairman Mao's works harder, follow his teachings, act
according to his instructions and become even better soldiers of
When the badges reached the land, sea and air men guarding our
country's coasts and borders, great cheers of "Long live
Chairman Mao!" went up and they vowed to redouble their
vigilance, smash any enemy war provocation, and make new
contributions in the cultural revolution.
The Badge Goes Out Over the World
That the revolutionary peoples struggling for national liberation in
Asia, Africa and Latin America cherish Chairman Mao badges is shown
in hundreds of simple and moving stories.
Early in 1967 in the socialist Democratic Republic of Vietnam,
veteran 57-year-old longshoreman Nguyen Van Tu was working on the
Haiphong docks when he saw a Chinese sailor drop his badge of
Chairman Mao. It bounced and rolled off into the icy water. Nguyen
Van Tu immediately dived in and retrieved it. The sailor gripped
Nguyen Van Tu's hand gratefully and, insisting that he accept it,
pinned it on his Vietnamese brother worker. The old Vietnamese
worker, a man who, before the establishment of proletarian power in
his land, had had his fill of oppression, exploitation and
humiliation under the feudal landlords and colonialists, told him,
"Haiphong is a long way from Peking, but the great image of
Chairman Mao and your people's passionate support of our people's
fight against the Yankee imperialists is engraved in my heart. So
when I saw your Chairman Mao badge fall into the water, I just had
to plunge in to rescue it."
In Zanzibar, a sanitation worker went to the Chinese consulate to
ask for a Chairman Mao badge.
"Chairman Mao has led the Chinese people to accomplish all
kinds of great things," he told them. "Your doctors sent
by Chairman Mao put a Zanzibar worker's hand back on after it was
almost cut off and saved him from becoming a cripple. Chairman Mao
truly cares about our people!" When they gave him a badge, he
joyfully exclaimed, "Comrades, I will love Chairman Mao
A Havana bus ticket collector saw some Chinese students wearing
Chairman Mao badges and begged them for one. A student unclasped his
precious badge and pinned it on the man. The ticket collector was so
happy that he pointed to a Lenin badge on his collar and said,
"I have Lenin, so I'm strong. Now I have Mao Tse-tung, so I'm
even stronger!" Turning to his passengers and pointing to his
new badge, he shouted, "Viva Mao Tse-tung! Viva, viva Mao
Defending the Badge of Chairman Mao
All reactionaries in the world sense their days getting shorter and
tougher when they see how the hearts of the revolutionary peoples
are turning towards socialist China, towards the revolutionary
leader Chairman Mao. They are mortally afraid of the spread of the
great thinking of Mao Tse-tung, for this is the biggest obstacle to
their plots against the world revolution. It is inevitable that they
should frantically oppose Mao Tse-tung's thought and the Chinese
people. So whenever they see the red book of Quotations from
Chairman Mao Tse-tung or a bright Chairman Mao badge, they call in
armed police and the military to beat and arrest people.
Last year, various reactionary governments often began their
anti-China campaigns when revolutionary people refused to obey their
decrees to stop wearing Chairman Mao badges. In Burma, for example,
the reactionary Ne Win clique started its anti-China campaign by
suppressing overseas Chinese students who were protesting because
school authorities had forbidden them to wear Chairman Mao badges.
When they saw young Chinese wearing the badges, thugs of the
fascist, bloodsucking Ne Win military clique tried to force them to
take them off. When a Chinese refused, the thugs would grab badge,
shirt and skin and cut it all off, leaving the youth's chest
But the threats and suppression of reactionaries cannot frighten
revolutionary people armed with Mao Tse-tung's thought. The
patriotic overseas Chinese in Burma fought a dauntless, heroic
struggle. Thousands were arrested and jailed, but when many of them
were released, the badge of Chairman Mao still shone on their
In the middle of last October, a British cargo ship anchored in the
Japanese port of Moji. Working on the ship were 35 Chinese seamen.
Some Japanese dock workers who had boarded the ship to unload, asked
the Chinese seamen for Chairman Mao badges. As a Chinese seaman was
pinning his badge on a Japanese worker with friendly warmth, the
British first mate suddenly lunged forward, tore the badge off and
threw it into the sea. The Chinese seamen and Japanese workers
immediately protested this provocation. The Chinese held a meeting
on the deck demanding that the captain and first mate admit their
mistake and apologize, and that the first mate be discharged from
the ship. When the demand was refused, they went on strike. Their
struggle was supported by local Japanese friends and overseas
Chinese. Two days of heroic persistence brought victory and
safeguarded the honour of the great land of Chairman Mao. The
captain and first mate were forced to admit their crime.
Chairman Mao is the greatest Marxist-Leninist, the proletariat's
most outstanding leader and genius in our era. The thinking of Mao
Tse-tung is the highest crystallization and newest summary of the
experience of the Chinese and world revolution. And when one defends
the badge of Chairman Mao, he is defending truth. Deeply moved when
he received a Chairman Mao badge, an old Bulgarian Communist said,
"Our hopes are on Comrade Mao Tse-tung. He leads the Chinese
people to persist in Marxism-Leninism, so we have hope. Someday
socialism must win in my country too."
One's attitude towards a tiny Chairman Mao badge actually reflects
one's attitude towards Chairman Mao and Mao Tse-tung's thought. The
Chinese people are united around Chairman Mao and Mao Tse-tung's
thought. The revolutionary course pointed out by Chairman Mao is
clear before us. China will flourish and the world's peoples will
win liberation. No matter what the storms, as long as we and the
world's revolutionary peoples use the compass of Marxism-Leninism,
Mao Tse-tung's thought to guide us, communism is bound to be
realized throughout the world.
The golden sun illuminates the plane's controls,
Rainbow clouds glow in the wide clear skies;
With Chairman Mao pointing the direction for us,
We dare to brave any dangerous storms.
With the golden sun on our chests,
Our hearts light up and fill with strength;
The golden sun is the great Chairman Mao.
We people of the Congo love you, Chairman Mao!